On World NGO Day: 5 key roles NGOs play

A fast look on the invaluable contribution of nonprofits in bringing about social change in India

FEBRUARY 27 is globally acknowledged as World NGO Day to have fun the relentless efforts of nonprofits around the globe and the individuals behind them. India has over 3 million NGOs that work throughout a spread of fields and play vital roles of implementer, catalyst or companion in bringing social transformation.

Pandemic highlights NGOs’ important positionWithin the current situation when India remains to be combating COVID-19, NGOs have been on the bottom, working tirelessly to offer important providers to weak teams and help the federal government’s efforts. The COVID-19 induced lockdowns created an financial disaster along with a prevailing public well being emergency. 

Fast to understand the gravity of the scenario, many NGOs in numerous elements of the nation stepped up and kickstarted their efforts to determine hotspots, increase consciousness and distribute necessities. They created emergency funds, partnered with others to channel donations, and assisted medical groups in hospitals and nursing houses with help and essential provides.


Engaged on the frontlines, NGOs proceed to offer rations, meals by means of group kitchens, medicines, and hygiene kits to the needy. For the weak and marginalised, that embody the aged, day by day wagers, migrant staff, individuals with disabilities, transgenders, intercourse staff, the homeless, and the poor, NGOs have been their lifeline through the pandemic. Their efforts are a testomony to the unflinching dedication to social duty in direction of India and its residents.

On World NGO Day, right here’s taking a look at 5 key roles NGOs play in bringing about social change by collective effort and altering mindsets.

1. Catastrophe Aid 

Catastrophe response, reduction and rehabilitation is a important perform taken up by NGOs, to complement the federal government’s efforts, through the occasions of pure calamities like floods, earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, COVID-19 pandemic, and many others. Adversity impacts impoverished teams of individuals unequally. They’ve little means to deal with the disaster. The rescue operations with educated catastrophe response groups, supply of reduction provides and instantaneous support from NGOs save and maintain lives.

For example, Goonj supplied reduction through the latest floods in West Bengal, Assam and Bihar. In its COVID-19 reduction mission, Goonj additionally reached out to over 17,000 households with ration kits and distributed greater than 77,000 cooked meals to migrant labourers, rag pickers, transgenders, intercourse staff, and distant tribal villagers. Let’s salute them on World NGO Day.

2Elevate consciousness and funds

NGOs are engaged in elevating consciousness a few numerous vary of points pertaining to human and labour rights, schooling, setting, gender inequality, healthcare and extra. They do that by means of consciousness campaigns, workshops, road performs, and many others that educate and encourage individuals to return collectively and work for the trigger.


In addition they increase consciousness amongst their very own beneficiaries about important points equivalent to well being, hygiene, sanitation, malnutrition, and many others. NGOs additionally assist increase funds for communities in want and with out the means. Fundraising is finished by means of philanthropic donations, professional bono contributions, or strategic funding.

NGOs like ASSIST, TIDE, and Haritika are urging individuals and the federal government to pay heed to the continuing local weather disaster and take mandatory measures to fight local weather change and environmental conservation. Equally,  HumSafar Belief advocates for LGBTQ rights, sensitising and elevating consciousness of employers, instructional institutes, regulation enforcement companies and authorities our bodies.

3. Restore human rights

Poverty is a human rights violation. The poor are generally denied a proper to a lifetime of dignity and disadvantaged of their most simple requirements of meals, healthcare and schooling. With no say in what impacts their lives, they’re condemned to a lifetime of poverty era after era. A simply world is just attainable when the rights of all people are restored and guarded with none type of discrimination.


Organisations like Shramik Bharti work to empower communities residing in excessive poverty. One among their initiatives is the grain banks, managed by ladies’s self-help teams (SHGs) in villages, that guarantee meals safety for poor farmers. These banks present grains on credit score and the mortgage is returned on the time of harvest, within the type of grain, with an curiosity on the unique amount. This programme helps farmers escape the clutches of exploitative landlords and a vicious circle of debt-induced poverty.

3. Bridge the hole

NGOs bridge the hole in additional methods than one and act as a medium. They endeavour to fill the gaps in programmes’ outreach deployed by the federal government to learn the weaker sections of individuals. In a bid to assist ladies overcome the difficulties in accessing sanitary napkins through the COVID-19 induced lockdown, the NGOs Praveen Lata Sansthan and Stonesoup Belief manufactured and distributed reusable sanitary pad kits for girls from low-income teams in rural areas. Non income additionally act as a bridge between donors and beneficiaries by amassing donations and reduction provides from the donor, managing logistics and technicalities to channel them to make sure that it reaches these in want.

4. Lobbying and advocacy for coverage change

Advocacy is steady persuasive efforts for peaceable and systematic adjustments to authorities insurance policies by interesting to the general public, communities, companies, in addition to the federal government itself. Advocacy and lobbying depend on affect, persuasion and encouragement to realize help for the actual insurance policies by means of public consciousness campaigns, workshops, editorial items and demonstrations.

NGOs like Save the Youngsters have initiated a number of campaigns centered on the implementation of child-friendly insurance policies, rehabilitation efforts and creating consciousness about poor youngsters’s circumstances.

5. Allow social justice

Social justice is the muse stone of our structure for equal alternative to each citizen. A number of NGOS direct their efforts to spotlight the varied types of injustice prevalent within the society, figuring out and initiating improvement measures to counter them. NGOs like Jan Sahas and Centre for Youth and Social Improvement are focussed on constructing consciousness and group empowerment to enhance the standard of life of individuals from excluded sections like Dalit and tribal communities. In addition they attempt to remove unwell practices equivalent to guide scavenging, pressured labour and caste and sexual violence.


The work of NGOs is important in serving to India battle discrimination, poverty, illiteracy, pure disasters, pandemics and quite a few socio-economic points. On World NGO Day, let’s applaud the efforts and initiatives of nonprofits working relentlessly and resolve to help and take part of their good work. 

You possibly can contribute by means of time and/or funds to assist us and our companion organisations ship on their targets of social progress. It’s solely by means of empathy, higher engagement and connectedness with one another that we are able to construct solidarity and a cohesive society.



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